WASHINGTON, D.C., UNITED STATES (MARCH 11, 2019) (REUTERS) – President Donald Trump on Monday (March 11) told Congress to slash funding for foreign aid and the State Department and increase spending for the military and the wall he wants to build on the U.S.-Mexico border in his 2020 budget, the opening move in his next funding fight with Congress.
The Republican president’s $4.7 trillion budget is expected to be rejected by Congress, where Democratic leaders on Sunday warned Trump against what they called a “repeat performance” of last year’s funding war, which led to a five-week partial shutdown of the federal government.
This year, the stakes are higher. The Oct. 1 deadline for a funding deal to keep the government running coincides with the deadline to lift the debt limit. Without an increase in the limit, the U.S. government would risk a default, which would shock the world economy.
Trump’s budget asked for $8.6 billion to build a wall on the southern border with Mexico, more than six times what Congress gave him for border projects in each of the past two fiscal years, and 6 percent more than he has corralled by invoking emergency powers this year after he failed to get the money he wanted.
Trump called for defense spending to rise by 4 percent to $750 billion, using the emergency Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO) account – derided by conservatives as a slush fund – to skirt spending caps set out in a 2011 fiscal restraint law.
Non-defense spending was held below those caps, thanks to steep proposed funding cuts to the State Department (23 percent) and Environmental Protection Agency (31 percent), among others.
The White House also proposed reforms to mandatory spending programs such as food stamps to cut $22 billion.
“We need to continue to secure the country, we need to continue to secure the border. We’re not going to be bashful about that. But at the same time, we’re also going to say that we have many, many programs that are wasteful and inefficient that we can no longer afford,” Russell Vought, acting Director of the Office of Management and Budget, told reporters at the White House.
Even with the cuts, which the White House said would add up to $2.7 trillion in savings over a decade, the budget office said budget would not balance until 2034, exceeding the traditional 10-year outlook.
Tax cuts have been a priority for the Republican White House and Congress in recent years, rather than deficit reduction. The deficit ran to $900 billion in 2019, and the national debt has ballooned to $22 trillion.