KIGALI, RWANDA, (REUTERS) – On April 7, Rwanda observes the 25th anniversary of the 1994 genocide, which saw 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus killed in 100 days by the Hutu-led government and ethnic militias.
1990: Rebels of the Tutsi-dominated Rwanda Patriotic Front (RPF) invade northern Rwanda from neighbouring Uganda. The RPF’s success prompts President Juvenal Habyarimana, a Hutu, to speed up political reforms to legalise opposition parties.
August 1993: Rwanda and the RPF sign a deal to end years of civil war, allowing for power-sharing and refugees’ return. But President Habyarimana is slow in implementing it. A transitional government fails to take off. Each side accuses the other of blocking its formation.
April 7, 1994 – Presidential guards kill moderate Hutu Prime Minister Agathe Uwilingiwimana who had tried to calm tensions.
– Habyarimana’s death triggers a 100-day orgy of violence, perpetrated mainly by Hutus against Tutsis and moderate Hutus. About 800,000 people are killed. RPF starts new offensive.
July 1994 – A new government is sworn in with Pasteur Bizimungu, a Hutu, named president and RPF commander Paul Kagame as vice-president. Kagame is elected president in April 2000.
March 20, 2017- Pope Francis apologises to Kagame for the role the “sins and failings of the Church” during the genocide